CBSE Grade 11 Chemistry

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

1
General Introduction
2
Importance and Scope of Chemistry
3
Nature of Matter
4
Laws of Chemical Combination
5
Dalton’s Atomic Theory
6
Concept of Elements
7
Atoms and Molecules
8
Atomic and Molecular Masses
9
Mole Concept and Molar Mass
10
Percentage Composition
11
Empirical and Molecular Formula
12
Chemical Reactions
13
Stoichiometry

Structure of Atom

1
Discovery of Electron, Proton and Neutron
2
Atomic Number, Isotopes and Isobars
3
Thomson’s Model and its Limitations
4
Rutherford’s Model and its Limitations
5
Bohr’s Model and its Limitations
6
Concept of Shells and Subshells
7
Dual Nature of Matter and Light
8
de Broglie’s Relationship
9
Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
10
Concept of Orbitals, Quantum Numbers
11
Shapes of s, p and d Orbitals
12
Rules for Filling Electrons in Orbitals – Aufbau Principle
13
Pauli’s Exclusion Principle
14
Hund’s Rule
15
Electronic Configuration of Atoms
16
Stability of Half-Filled and Completely Filled Orbitals

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

1
Significance of Classification
2
Brief History of the Development of Periodic Table
3
Modern Periodic Law and the Present Form of Periodic Table
4
Periodic Trends in Properties of Elements
5
Nomenclature of Elements with Atomic Number Greater than 100

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

1
Valence Electrons
2
Ionic Bond, Covalent Bond, Bond Parameters
3
Lewis Structure
4
Polar Character of Covalent Bond
5
Covalent Character of Ionic Bond
6
Valence Bond Theory
7
Resonance
8
Geometry of Covalent Molecules
9
VSEPR Theory
10
Concept of Hybridization
11
Involving s, p and d Orbitals
12
Shapes of Some Simple Molecules
13
Molecular Orbital Theory of Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules
14
Hydrogen Bond

States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

1
Three States of Matter
2
Intermolecular Interactions, Types of Bonding
3
Melting and Boiling Points
4
Role of Gas Laws
5
Boyle’s Law
6
Charles Law
7
Gay Lussac’s Law
8
Avogadro’s Law
9
Ideal Behaviour
10
Empirical Derivation of Gas Equation
11
Avogadro’s Number
12
Ideal Gas Equation
13
Deviation From Ideal Behaviour
14
Liquefaction of Gases
15
Critical Temperature
16
Kinetic Energy and Molecular Speeds
17
Liquid State- Vapour Pressure
18
Viscosity and Surface Tension

Chemical Thermodynamics

1
Concepts of System and Types of Systems
2
Surroundings, Work, Heat, Energy
3
Extensive and Intensive Properties
4
State Functions
5
First Law of Thermodynamics
6
Internal Energy and Enthalpy
7
Heat Capacity and Specific Heat
8
Measurement of dU and dH
9
Hess’s Law of Constant Heat Summation
10
Enthalpy of Bond Dissociation
11
Combustion, Formation, Atomization
12
Sublimation, Phase Transition
13
Ionization, Solution and Dilution
14
Second Law of Thermodynamics
15
Introduction of Entropy as a State Function
16
Gibb’s Energy Change for Spontaneous and Non- Spontaneous Processes
17
Criteria for Equilibrium
18
Third Law of Thermodynamics

Equilibrium

1
Equilibrium in Physical and Chemical Processes
2
Dynamic Nature of Equilibrium
3
Law of Mass Action
4
Equilibrium Constant
5
Le Chatelier’s Principle – Factors Affecting Equilibrium
6
Ionic Equilibrium
7
Ionization of Acids and Bases
8
Strong and Weak Electrolytes
9
Degree of Ionization
10
Ionization of Poly Basic Acids
11
Acid Strength, Concept of pH
12
Hydrolysis of Salts
13
Buffer Solution, Henderson Equation
14
Solubility Product, Common Ion Effect

Redox Reactions

1
Concept of Oxidation and Reduction
2
Redox Reactions, Oxidation Number
3
Balancing Redox Reactions
4
Applications of Redox Reactions

Hydrogen

1
Position of Hydrogen in Periodic Table
2
Occurrence, Isotopes, Preparation
3
Properties and Uses of Hydrogen,
4
Hydrides-Ionic Covalent and Interstitial
5
Physical and Chemical Properties of Water
6
Heavy Water, Hydrogen Peroxide -Preparation
7
Reactions and Structure and Use
8
Hydrogen as a Fuel

s-Block Elements

1
General Introduction, Electronic Configuration
2
Occurrence, Anomalous Properties of the first Element of Each Group
3
Diagonal Relationship, Trends in the Variation of Properties
4
Trends in Chemical Reactivity with Oxygen, Water, Hydrogen and Halogens, Uses
5
Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Chloride
6
Sodium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate
7
Biological Importance of Sodium and Potassium
8
Calcium Oxide and Calcium Carbonate
9
Their Industrial uses, Biological Importance of Magnesium and Calcium.

Group 13 Elements

1
General Introduction, Electronic Configuration
2
Occurrence, Variation of Properties, Oxidation States
3
Trends in Chemical Reactivity
4
Anomalous Properties of First Element of the Group
5
Boron – Physical and Chemical Properties
6
Some Important Compounds: Borax, Boric Acid, Boron Hydrides
7
Aluminium: Reactions with Acids and Alkalies, Uses

Group 14 Elements

1
General Introduction, Electronic Configuration
2
Occurrence, Variation of Properties, Oxidation States
3
Trends in Chemical Reactivity
4
Anomalous Behaviour of First Elements
5
Carbon-Catenation, Allotropic Forms, Physical and Chemical Properties
6
Uses of Some Important Compounds: Oxides
7
Important Compounds of Silicon and a Few Uses
8
Silicon Tetrachloride, Silicones, Silicates and Zeolites, Their Uses

Organic Chemistry

1
General Introduction, Methods of Purification
2
Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis
3
Classification and IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds
4
Electronic Displacements in a Covalent Bond: Inductive Effect
5
Electromeric Effect, Resonance and Hyper Conjugation
6
Homolytic and Heterolytic Fission of a Covalent Bond
7
Free Radicals, Carbocations, Carbanions
8
Electrophiles and Nucleophiles, Types of Organic Reactions

Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Alkanes

1
Nomenclature, Isomerism, Conformation
2
Physical Properties, Chemical Reactions
3
Free Radical Mechanism of Halogenation
4
Combustion and Pyrolysis

Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Alkenes

1
Nomenclature, Structure of Double Bond
2
Geometrical Isomerism, Physical Properties
3
Methods of Preparation, Chemical Reactions: Addition of Hydrogen
4
Halogen, Water, Hydrogen Halides
5
Ozonolysis, Oxidation, Mechanism of Electrophilic Addition

Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Alkynes

1
Nomenclature, Structure of Triple Bond
2
Physical Properties, Methods of Preparation
3
Chemical Reactions: Acidic Character of Alkynes
4
Addition Reaction of – Hydrogen, Halogens
5
Hydrogen Halides and Water

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

1
Introduction, IUPAC Nomenclature
2
Benzene: Resonance, Aromaticity, Chemical Properties
3
Mechanism of Electrophilic Substitution
4
Nitration, Sulphonation, Halogenation
5
Friedel Craft’s Alkylation and Acylation
6
Directive Influence of Functional Group in Monosubstituted Benzene
7
Carcinogenicity and Toxicity

Environmental Chemistry

1
Environmental Pollution – Air, Water and Soil Pollution
2
Chemical Reactions in Atmosphere
3
Smog, Major Atmospheric Pollutants
4
Acid Rain, Ozone and its Reactions, Effects of Depletion of Ozone Layer
5
Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming- Pollution due to Industrial Wastes
6
Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming- Pollution due to Industrial Wastes
7
Strategies for Control of Environmental Pollution

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CBSE Grade 11 Chemistry
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